RSS

Tag Archives: 3rd century

ST CALLISTUS I, POPE AND MARTYR

ST CALLISTUS I, POPE AND MARTYR

ST CALLISTUS I, POPE AND MARTYR – MEMORIAL: OCTOBER 14

Callistus, a Roman, ruled the Church when Antoninus Heliogabulus was emperor. He instituted the four periods of the year which are known as Ember Days – days on which, in accordance with the apostolic tradition, fasting was to be observed by all. He built the basilica called St Mary across-the-Tiber and enlarged the ancient cemetery on the Appian Way, in which are buried many holy Priests and martyrs. For this reason, it is called the cemetery of Callistus. He reigned five years, one month and twelve days.

HE WAS CROWNED WITH MARTYRDOM

After a long imprisonment, during which he was starved and frequently scourged, he was thrown head-downward into a well. He was crowned with martyrdom under the Emperor Alexander and was buried in the cemetery of Calepodius on the Aurelian Way, at the third mile-stone from the City, on the day before the Ides of October [222]. Afterwards his body was carried to the basilica of St Mary across-the-Tiber, and was placed under the high altar, where it is venerated with the greatest devotion.

From: An Approved English Translation of the Breviarium Romanum, Burns & Oates, London, 1964

PRAYER:

God of mercy,

hear the prayers of your people

that we may be helped by Saint Callistus,

whose martyrdom we celebrate with joy.

Through our Lord…

 

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

PRAYER TO ST DENIS AND HIS COMPANIONS

ST DENIS, BISHOP AND MARTYR (INVOKED AGAINST MIGRAINES) AND HIS COMPANIONS; MEMORIAL: OCTOBER 9

St Denis lived in the third century; he was one of seven bishops sent to convert Gaul, became bishop and was martyred, perhaps in 251.

PRAYER:

Father,
you sent Saint Denis and his companions
to preach your glory to the nations,
and you gave them the strength
to be steadfast in their sufferings for Christ.
Grant that we may learn from their example
to reject the power and wealth of this world
and to brave all earthly trials.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
who lives and reigns with you
in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
one God, for ever and ever.
Amen.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on September 30, 2013 in Prayers for Ordinary Time

 

Tags: , ,

THE LITURGY IN THE FIRST THREE CENTURIES OF THE CHURCH

The Roman Pontiffs of the first three centuries regulated the Liturgy with various interventions. Unfortunately, with the passing of time most of these have been lost. It is certain, nonetheless, that some of these were norms solely for the Church in Rome, others were updates of the most ancient Canons, and others still regarded the Church throughout the world.

The regulation of Pope St Victor I on Easter is not the only one which the Roman Pontiffs had expressed during the first three centuries. Recourse was had to them in all grave circumstances, as in the case of Eusebius, St Cyprian and St Irenaeus. Given the importance of liturgical matters, coupled with the sovereignty of their authority, such recourse must have given them frequent occasions for offering decrees and responses about the Sacred Rites. The text of these regulations has been lost with the passing of time. Nothing is left for us except a faint outline of them in the very short notes of the ‘Liber pontificalis’.

St Linus ordered that women enter Church with their head veiled.
St Cletus constructed the memorial and tomb of St Peter and fixed the place of the burial of the Bishops of Rome.
St Evaristus divided the titles and churches of Rome among the priests and established that the Bishop, in announcing the Word of God, be assisted by seven deacons.
St Alexander I ordered that the memory of the Passion of the Lord be inserted into the prayers of Sacrifice and that water for the aspersion of people’s homes be blessed with salt.
St Sixtus I established that the sacred vessels should not be touched by ministers and confirmed the use of singing the hymn ‘Sanctus, Sanctus…’ during the liturgical action.

St Telesphorus established that there be celebrated the Sacrifice on the night of Our Lord’s Birth, something which, on other days, should not occur before Ora Tertia. He also established that at the beginning of the same celebration there be sung ‘Gloria in excelsis Deo’.
St Anicetus prohibited clerics to let their hair grow long.
St Pius I, for the prayers of the virgin St Praxedes, consecrated the Baths of Novato (vicus Patricius) as a place of worship; he made large offerings to this new sanctuary; he frequently offered the Lord’s Sacrifice there and had a baptismal font constructed there where, with his own hand, he baptised many catechumen in the Name of the Holy Trinity.
St Soter prohibited the deaconesses from touching the sacred palls and placing incense in the thurible.
St Zephyrinus established that the ordination of priests, deacons and the simple clerics be done in the presence of both the clergy and the Faithful.

St Callistus I fixed the Saturday fast four times a year in the fourth, fifth, seventh and tenth months. He consecrated the Basilica of St Mary in Trastevere. He enlarged and decorated, along the via Appia, the famous cemetery which bears his name.
St Urban had sacred vessels made of silver and offered twenty-five patens of the same material.
St Fabian commissioned many constructions in the cemeteries.
St Cornelius removed the bodies of Ss. Peter and Paul from their resting place in the catacombs and relocated them: one in the valley of the Vatican, the other along the via Ostiensis.
St Stephen I prohibited priests and deacons from wearing, for common use, the vestments used at the altar.
St Felix I recommended that the Sacrifice be celebrated above the remains of the Martyrs and built a Basilica along the via Aurelia.
St Eutychian established that only the first fruits of wheat and the grape be blessed at the altar. He buried the Martyrs with his own hands and ordered the Faithful to cover the bodies of these courageous athletes of Christ with ornate vestments when they placed them in the ground.

We terminate, then, this enumeration of the laws of the early Roman Pontiffs on liturgical matters, as incomplete as it may be, and we content ourselves with underscoring that some of these regulations must be considered as norms only for the Church of Rome, others as updates of the most ancient Canons, and still others directed to all of the Churches, such as the decree of St Victor I on Easter.
– This article by the Servant of God Prosper Gueranger (part of a series) was published in “De vita Contemplativa”, Monthly magazine for Monasteries, Year VI, Number 12, December 2012

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,