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Tag Archives: Dalmatia

SS. SOTER AND CAIUS, POPES AND MARTYRS

SS. SOTER AND CAIUS, POPES AND MARTYRS

SS SOTER AND CAIUS, POPES AND MARTYRS – MEMORIAL: APRIL 22

Born at Fondi in Campania, Soter passed the decree prohibiting consecrated virgins from touching the sacred vessels or acting as thurifer in the church. He also decreed that everyone except those in mortal sin should receive Holy Communion on Holy Thursday. He was martyred under Marcus Aurelius and buried in what was later called the cemetery of Callistus.

HE WAS BURIED IN THE CEMETERY OF CALLISTUS

Caius was a native of Dalmatia and a relative of Diocletian. He decreed that the office of bishop should be reached through the orders of porter, reader, exorcist, acolyte, subdeacon, deacon, and priest. He hid in a cave for a time to escape Diocletian’s cruel treatment of Christians, but after eight years he and his brother Gabinus were martyred and together were buried in the cemetery of Callistus.

PRAYER:

O Eternal Shepherd, look with favour upon your flock. Safeguard and shelter it forevermore through blessed Soter and Caius, your Martyrs and Supreme Pontiffs, whom you constituted shepherds of the whole Church. Through our Lord Jesus Christ…

– From: An Approved English Translation of the Breviarium Romanum, Burns & Oates, London, 1964

 

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ST JEROME, CONFESSOR AND DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH

ST JEROME, CONFESSOR AND DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH

ST JEROME, CONFESSOR AND DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH – MEMORIAL: SEPTEMBER 30

Jerome was born in Strido in Dalmatia. As a youth, he was baptised at Rome and was educated in the liberal arts by Donatus and other very learned men. From a religious motive he travelled through all of Palestine. Then he retired into the vast desert of Syria. There he spent four years reading the divinely inspired books and meditating upon the blessedness of heavenly things.

HE MEDITATED UPON THE BLESSEDNESS OF HEAVENLY THINGS

After being ordained a priest by Paulinus, Bishop of Antioch, he returned to Palestine, to Bethlehem, to be close by the Crib of Christ the Lord. Here he drew up for himself a holy rule and overcame the snares of the devil by pious works and constant reading and writing. From all over the world he was called upon as an inspired authority to settle questions about the interpretation of Sacred Scripture.

AN EXPERT IN THE INTERPRETATION OF SACRED SCRIPTURE 

Pope Damasus and St Augustine consulted him often about very difficult passages of Scripture because of his singular knowledge and understanding not only of the Latin and Greek languages, but also of Hebrew and Chaldaic. He translated the Old Testament from the Hebrew. At the command of Pope Damasus, he made a faithful translation of the New Testament from the Greek and also wrote commentaries on many parts of Scripture. In his extremely old age, he passed [A. D. 420]. He was buried in Bethlehem, and was later transferred to Rome and entombed in the basilica of St Mary Major.

PRAYER:

O God, who graciously gave your Church blessed Jerome, your Confessor and peerless teacher, to explain the Holy Scriptures, grant, we beseech you, that, with the help of his merits and by your assistance, we may be able to put into practice what he has taught us by his life and works. Through our Lord.

– From: An Approved English Translation of the Breviarium Romanum, Burns & Oates, London, 1964 [bold headings added]

 

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