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THE TRANSFIGURATION OF THE LORD, BIBLE READING I (DANIEL 7:9-10, 13-14)

HIS ROBE WAS WHITE AS SNOW.

As I watched:
Thrones were set in place
and one of great age took his seat.
His robe was white as snow,
the hair of his head as pure as wool.
His throne was a blaze of flames,
its wheels were a burning fire.
A stream of fire poured out,
issuing from his presence.
A thousand thousand waited on him,
ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him.
A court was held and the books were opened.
I gazed into the visions of the night.
And I saw, coming on the clouds of heaven,
one like a son of man.
He came to the one of great age
and was led into his presence.

On him was conferred sovereignty, glory and kingship,
and men of all peoples, nations and languages became his servants.
His sovereignty is an eternal sovereignty
which shall never pass away,
nor will his empire ever be destroyed.

V. The word of the Lord.
R. Thanks be to God.

 

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TRINITY SUNDAY, RESPONSORIAL PSALM (DANIEL 3:52-56)

You are blest, Lord God of our fathers.
R. To you glory and praise for evermore.

Blest your glorious holy name.
R. To you glory and praise for evermore.

You are blest in the temple of your glory.
R. To you glory and praise for evermore.

You are blest on the throne of your kingdom.
R. To you glory and praise for evermore.

You are blest who gaze into the depths.
R. To you glory and praise for evermore.

You are blest in the firmament of heaven.
R. To you glory and praise for evermore.

 

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THE SALVATION HISTORY OF ALL MANKIND AS REVEALED IN THE BIBLE: JESUS FORETELLS THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM

THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM AND THE END OF THE WORLD

“In great sorrow Jesus brought His public preaching to a close with a solemn warning of destruction to Jerusalem. Then He sat down opposite the Temple treasury and watched the people offering their gifts to the Temple. He observed the splendid gifts of the rich. But he also observed a poor widow putting in two mites, a small sum, but all she had to live on. He called this to the attention of His disciples.

‘Amen I say to you, this poor widow has put in more than all those who have been putting money into the treasury. For they have all been putting money in out of their abundance; but she out of her want has put in all that she had – all that she had to live on’ (Mark 12:43-44).

JESUS CHRIST’S OWN PEOPLE WILL REJECT HIM

This little incident is both a solace to Jesus and a lesson to His disciples. Jesus has come from heaven to offer men the precious gift of salvation, to establish the Kingdom of God on earth. But the Scribes and the Pharisees have rejected Him. Under their leadership His own people will reject Him and demand His death. Their unwillingness to receive Him shows, on their part, a lack of total dedication to the love of God. When Jesus sees the poor widow giving all that she has to the Temple, His heart rejoices at this example of total love of God. In pointing it out to His disciples He means to tell them once again that it is the spirit which inspires a gift that makes it valuable in the eyes of God. The rich gifts offered by the wealthy were praiseworthy. But since they were only a small part of the abundance of the wealthy, they did not symbolise so well the total gift of one’s self which God demands of every man. But by giving all that she possessed the widow showed in fact that she was totally dedicated to God.

‘THERE WILL NOT BE LEFT ONE STONE UPON ANOTHER’

After this incident Jesus and His disciples remembered His warning of the approaching doom of Jerusalem. They could not help but contrast the beauty and the solidity of the stone walls of the Temple with the sad forecast of the ruin of the Holy City. One of them said to Jesus,

‘Master, look, what wonderful stones and buildings!’ Jesus replied, ‘Dost thou see all these great buildings? There will not be left one stone upon another that will not be thrown down’ (Mark 13:1-2).

Jesus and the band of disciples went then to the Mount of Olives. There the curiosity of the disciples could no longer be restrained. Peter, James, John and Andrew asked Him, ‘Tell us, when are these things to happen, and what will be the sign when all these things will begin to come to pass?’ (Mark 13:4).

DID JESUS MEAN TO CONVEY THAT THE END OF THE WORLD WAS COMING SOON?

In the minds of the disciples there must have been great confusion. They had accepted Jesus as the Messias. Since they were Jews it was natural for them to expect the Messias to bring great glory to the Chosen People and to Jerusalem, the Holy City of God. But Jesus had just told them that Jerusalem would be left desolate and the great Temple, the centre of worship of Jahweh, would be destroyed. Perhaps they thought also that the destruction of the Temple would occur only when the Son of Man (spoken of by the prophet Daniel) came in glory to establish the final Kingdom of God at the end of the world. Of what then could Jesus be speaking? Did He mean that the end of the world was coming soon and that then His own glory would be manifested to all men?

WOULD THE GLORY OF THE SON OF MAN BE MANIFESTED TO ALL MEN SHORTLY?

Jesus, in replying to their question, spoke of both the destruction of Jerusalem and of the end of the world. But He distinguished the two events. They were not to be simultaneous, but rather separated by some interval of time. The destruction of Jerusalem would come during the lifetime of the generation of men who had listened to Jesus Himself. But the end of the world would come later, at a time determined by God the Father. When this time might be was not permitted to men to know. But it would be preceded by signs which would warn the followers of Jesus of its approach.

THE FOLLOWING THINGS TOOK PLACE BEFORE THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM IN THE YEAR 70 A.D.:

As for the destruction of Jerusalem, Jesus first warned His disciples to beware of false Christs, men who would claim to be the Messias. These false Christs would only lead the people astray. There would be wars, and rumours of wars, He told them, pestilences, famine and earthquakes. The He added, ‘And when you see the abomination of desolation, standing where it ought not – let him who reads understand – then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains; and let him who is on the housetop not go down and enter to take anything from his house; and let him who is in the field not turn back to take his cloak. But woe to those who are with child, or have infants at the breast in those days! But pray that these things may not happen in winter’ (Mark 13:14-18).

All these things took place before the destruction of Jerusalem in the year 70 A.D. False Messiases arose and led the people into revolt against the authority of Rome. Jerusalem was besieged. Its people suffered from famine and pestilence.

As for the disciples themselves, Jesus told them, ‘But be on your guard. For they will deliver you up to councils, and you will be beaten in synagogues, and you will stand before governors and kings for my sake, a witness to them’ (Mark 13:9).

THE APOSTLES WERE NOT TO BE AFRAID

When this persecution came upon the disciples they were not to be afraid. ‘And when they lead you away to deliver you up, do not be anxious beforehand what you are to speak; but speak whatever is given you in that hour. For it is not you who are speaking, but the Holy Spirit… And you will be hated by all for my name’s sake; but he who perseveres to the end will be saved’ (Mark 13:11-13).

The disciples of Jesus are urged by Him to face persecution without fear. They will be working for God, for ‘the gospel must first be preached to all nations’ (Mark 13:10).

JERUSALEM WAS ENCIRCLED BY VESPASIAN’S AND TITUS’ TROOPS

God Himself, therefore, will speak through them, and if they persevere they will be saved.

That the first Christian community took His warning seriously is proved by the fact that the Christians there fled to Pella just before the encirclement of the city by the troops of Vespasian and Titus.

THE ANGELS WILL GATHER HIS ELECT FROM THE FOUR WINDS

The mind of Jesus then turned to the thought of the end of the world. With prophetic insight He foresaw the signs which would precede His coming as the Son of Man in power and majesty to judge the world. ‘Then,’ He said, ‘there will be great tribulation, such as has not been found from the beginning of the world until now, nor will be. And unless those days had been shortened, no living creature would have been saved. But for the sake of the elect those days will be shortened. Then, if anyone say to you, ‘Behold, here is the Christ,’ or, ‘There He is,’ do not believe it. For false Christs and false prophets will arise, and will show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect. Behold, I have told it to you beforehand. If therefore they say to you, ‘Behold, he is in the desert,’ do not go forth; ‘Behold, he is in the inner chambers,’ do not believe it. For as the lightning comes forth from the east and shines even to the west, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. Wherever the body is, there will the eagles be gathered together. But immediately after the tribulation of those days, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give her light, and the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of heaven will be shaken. And then will appear the sign of the Son of Man in heaven; and then will all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming upon the clouds of heaven with great power and majesty. And he will send forth his angels with a trumpet and a great sound, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other’ (Matthew 24:21-31).

‘BUT OF THAT DAY OR HOUR NO ONE KNOWS… BUT THE FATHER ONLY’

Before the world comes to an end, then, a number of false Christs will appear, seeking to lead men astray. So powerful will be the forces of evil that even the elect would be led astray except that God will shorten the time so that they may be saved. Just when the end will come Jesus does not say.

‘But of that day or hour no one knows, neither the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only’ (Mark 13:32).

Jesus does not mean that as the Son of God He is Himself ignorant of the day when the world will end. He means that this is knowledge which God the Father does not allow to angels or men, but reserves for God alone. Jesus, as the Son of God, knows the day and the hour, but as the Messias He will not reveal it to men.

OUR LORD JESUS’ COMING WILL BE AS QUICK AND AS SUDDEN AS LIGHTNING

The destruction of Jerusalem, as Jesus foretold it, would not be sudden, its approach would not be unrecognisable. Men would have an opportunity to flee from the city and escape its fate. But the end of the world would come suddenly and men will find no chance to escape.

Neither will they be able to recognise its approach clearly.

‘And as it was in the days of Noe [Noah], even so will the coming of the Son of Man be. For as in the days before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day when Noe entered the ark, and they did not understand until the flood came and swept them all away; even so will the coming of the Son of Man be’ (Matthew 24:37-39). Or, as Jesus had already said, His coming will be as quick as sudden as a bolt of lightning searing the sky from east to west.

‘TAKE HEED, WATCH AND PRAY’

Because of the uncertainty of the time of the end of the world Jesus warns His disciples to be ready at every moment for that final catastrophe. ‘Take heed, watch and pray, for you do not know when the time is’ (Mark 13:33).

In several parables Jesus emphasised the necessity of being prepared for the coming of the Son of Man to judge the world. ‘As a man,’ He said, ‘when he leaves home to journey abroad, puts his servants in charge, to each his work, and gives orders to the porter to keep watch. Watch, therefore, for you do not know when the master of the house is coming, in the evening, or at midnight, or at cockcrow, or early in the morning; lest coming suddenly he find you sleeping’ (Mark 13:34-36).

Or again, ‘Watch, therefore, for you do not know at what hour your Lord is to come. But of this be assured, that if the householder had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would certainly have watched, and not have let his house be broken into. Therefore, you also must be ready, because at an hour that you do not expect, the Son of Man will come’ (Matthew 24:42-44).

Or, ‘Who, dost thou think, is the faithful and prudent servant whom his master has set over his household to give them their food in due time? Blessed is that servant whom his master, when he comes, shall find doing so. Amen I say to you, he will set him over all his goods. But if that wicked servant says to himself, ‘My master delays his coming,’ and begins to beat his fellow-servants, and to eat and drink with drunkards, the master of that servant will come on a day he does not expect, and in an hour he does not know, and will cut him asunder and make him share the lot of the hypocrites. There will be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth’ (Matthew 24:45-51).

THE WISE AND THE FOOLISH VIRGINS

Lastly Jesus made the same point in the parable of the wise and the foolish virgins. Ten virgins went out joyfully to attend a wedding. They carried lamps to light their way. Five were wise and carried also some vessels of oil to replenish their lamps if it became necessary. But five were foolish and carried no extra supply. The coming of the bridegroom was delayed. The virgins fell asleep. When the bridegroom came they arose and prepared to attend the marriage feast. But the lamps of the foolish virgins had gone out and so they were late in arriving at the feast. The door was shut. The bridegroom, not knowing them, refused to let them in.

…TO MEET JUDGMENT UNAFRAID

In all these parables Jesus was emphasising the point that His disciples should be prepared always to meet judgment at the hands of the Son of Man. ‘Watch, then, praying at all times, that you may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that are to be, and to stand before the Son of Man’ (Luke 21:36).

No man may know when the end of the world will be. But all men must be prepared to meet it at any moment. They must watch and pray so that they meet judgment unafraid.

‘HE WILL COME AGAIN IN GLORY TO JUDGE THE LIVING AND THE DEAD’

This thought of the end of the world and of the second coming of the Son of Man is followed quite naturally in the discourse of Jesus by a description of the judgment of men at the end of time. ‘But when the Son of Man shall come in his majesty, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on the throne of his glory and before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate them one from another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; and he will set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on his left. Then the king will say to those on his right hand, ‘Come, blessed of my Father, take possession of the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world; for I was hungry and you gave me to eat; I was thirsty and you gave me to drink; I was a stranger and you took me in; naked and you covered me; sick and you visited me; I was in prison and you came to me.’ Then the just will answer him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see thee hungry, and feed thee; or thirsty, and give thee drink? And when did we see thee sick, or in prison, and come to thee?’ And answering the king will say to them, ‘Amen I say to you, as long as you did it for one of these, the least of my brethren, you did it for me.’

Then he will say to those on his left hand, ‘Depart from me, accursed ones, into the everlasting fire which was prepared for the devil and his angels. For I was hungry, and you did not give me to eat; I was thirsty and you gave me no drink; I was a stranger and you did not take me in; naked, and you did not clothe me; sick, and in prison, and you did not visit me.’ Then they also will answer and say, ‘Lord, when did we see thee hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister to thee?’ Then he will answer them, saying, ‘Amen I say to you, as long as you did not do it for one of these least ones, you did not do it for me.’ And these will go into everlasting punishment, but the just into everlasting life’ (Matthew 25:31-46).

THE JUDGMENT WILL BE BASED ON THE LAW OF UNCONDITIONAL LOVE

As the Son of Man, the apocalyptic figure spoken of by the prophet Daniel, Jesus will come at the end of the world to judge all men. His judgment will be based on the law of love which He so often preached to men. Those who have loved their fellowmen enough to aid them in their need will be given eternal life with God. Those who have not followed this law of love will be punished eternally in the fire of hell prepared for the devil and his angels. At the moment of judgment the secret of all history will be revealed.

THE SECRET OF ALL HISTORY WILL BE REVEALED

Jesus does not tell us the full nature of this secret. But He tells us enough for us to know that it flows in some mysterious way from the free wills of God, the angels and men. In the transcendent freedom of His will God has loved the universe enough to give it being, existence. And He has given it existence for the sake of His elect, angels and men whom He will gather from every corner of the universe to share His Kingdom with Him. The elect are those who live by the law of love, love of God and love of one another. Their love is the free choice of their own wills, echoing generously the creative act of God’s free decision to make the world. But some angels, and some men, will freely choose not to imitate the divine love; they will refuse to love [unconditionally], and in their refusal they will reject both God and all others. They will be punished by their own refusal; having rejected [unconditional] love, the secret of the universe, they must live forever in the self-corrosion of hate.

TO LOVE ANYONE IS TO LOVE HIM WHO IS THE BROTHER OF ALL

The disciples of Jesus might have wondered that Jesus mentioned only love of men as the basis for the final judgment of all men. Surely, they might have thought, men should be judged on the basis of their love for God. But Jesus had already taught them that it was God’s will that they should love all men as they loved themselves. In so doing they would be loving God Himself.

And in Jesus Himself there is an ever deeper reason why this is true. Jesus is God Himself come to earth, God-made-man. By taking to Himself a human nature, the Son of God has become the neighbour, in fact, the brother of all mankind. By His own free decision He has identified Himself with all men. To love anyone, therefore, is to love Him, Who is the brother of all. And to love Him is to love not just a man but God Himself.”
– Martin J. Healy S.T.D., 1959

 

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17th MARCH, BIBLE READING (DANIEL 9:4-10)

WE HAVE SINNED, WE HAVE DONE WRONG.

“O Lord, God great and to be feared, you keep the covenant and have kindness for those who love you and keep your commandments: we have sinned, we have done wrong, we have acted wickedly, we have betrayed your commandments and your ordinances and turned away from them. We have not listened to your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes, our ancestors, and to all the people of the land.

Integrity, Lord, is yours; ours the look of shame we wear today, we, the people of Judah, the citizens of Jerusalem, the whole of Israel, near and far away, in every country to which you have dispersed us because of the treason we have committed against you. To us, Lord, the look of shame belongs, to our kings, our princes, our ancestors, because we have sinned against you. To the Lord our God mercy and pardon belong, because we have betrayed him, and have not listened to the voice of the Lord our God nor followed the laws he has given us through his servants the prophets.”

V. The word of the Lord.
R. Thanks be to God.

 

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“BY THE RIVERS OF BABYLON…” – THE IMPORTANCE OF THE BABYLONIAN EXILE IN THE SALVATION HISTORY OF ALL MANKIND

By the rivers of Babylon,
there we sat down,
yea, we wept,
when we remembered Zion.
We hanged our harps
upon the willows in the midst thereof.
For there they that carried us away captive
required of us a song; and they that wasted us
required of us mirth, saying,
Sing us one of the songs of Zion.
How shall we sing the Lord’s song in a strange land?
(Ps 137:1-4)

“LIKE A MAN SKIDDING TO A HALT AT THE EDGE OF A PRECIPICE

The captivity in Babylon was a shock to the complacency and to the expectations of the Chosen People. Since the times of Abraham and Moses they had regarded themselves as the favoured children of God. God had rescued them from oppression in Egypt. He had enabled them to conquer the land of Canaan. He had built up for them the grandiose kingdoms of David and Solomon at a time when the great empires of Egypt and Assyria were dominating the world of the Near East. In spite of reverses they had probably never lost the feeling that their God would protect them.

THEY HAD IGNORED THE WARNINGS OF THE PROPHETS

They believed in their star in spite of the warnings of the prophets sent to them by God. But their defeat at the hands of the Babylonians and, even more, the destruction of the Temple of Jahweh at the conclusion of their disastrous opposition to Nabuchodonosor had brought them up short, like a man skidding to a halt at the edge of a precipice.

SOLOMON’S TEMPLE AT JERUSALEM GOT DESTROYED

The Temple had represented to them the presence of God in their midst. The destruction of the Temple no doubt meant to them that they had lost the protection of their God. What was left to them but annihilation?

IN BABYLON THEY WERE AT FIRST ENSLAVED

In Babylon they were at first enslaved. They were deprived of independence, of their own homeland, of their Temple, the sanctuary of their God. It was a time to despair, a time to lose heart. On the purely natural plane there is evidence that they adapted themselves to the conditions of their new life. They were dwelling in a land that was richer than the land from which they had come. Agriculture was much easier. Their natural talents at affairs of business and banking came to the fore. During their stay in Babylon they seem to have prospered in the ordinary business of human living.

GOD, THROUGH THE PROPHET ISAIAH, HAD TOLD THEM THAT A REMNANT OF THE RACE WOULD BE SAVED

But, through Isaias [Isaiah], God had promised that a remnant of the race would be saved. Belief in this promise never died. But the people, faced with the ignominy of their condition as exiles, as a displaced people, subject to the will of their conquerors, meditated on the reason for their fall. It was then that they began to realise that their sufferings were, as the prophets had told them, the punishment of their sins, of their failure to worship Jahweh, and Jahweh alone. They realised that they had failed their God, the one true God, by serving the false gods of the other nations of the world.

GOD IS FAITHFUL

It was a consolation to them then to remember what their prophets had also told them, that God would save at least a remnant, a portion of the people. Moreover God did not leave them absolutely desolate. The elders of the people recalled to them the glorious promises which God had made them.

While they could no longer sacrifice to their God in the Temple at Jerusalem, at least they could meet together to recall from memory the wonderful history of their nation since God had called them, in the person of Abraham, from the city of Ur so long ago. Perhaps God, as a wise Father, had brought them back so close to the land of their origin; they had been made by God, only God could remake them as a nation, as God’s chosen nation.

THEY BEGAN TO SEE AT LAST THAT THEIR ONLY HOPE WAS GOD

They began to see at last that their only hope was in their God. They learned in these difficult circumstances that there was no real god, no true god but Jahweh, the God Who had revealed Himself to Abraham, their father.

THE ROLE OF THE PROPHET DANIEL

This lesson was brought home to them forcefully in the adventure of Daniel the prophet at the court of the Chaldean kings. It is Daniel, acting under God’s inspiration, who interprets the dream of Nabuchodonosor when the Chaldean soothsayers fail. It is the companions of Daniel who triumph in the fiery furnace. It is the people of God who triumph when the king wishes them to worship false gods.

It is also Daniel who teaches them that the kingdoms of the world will all perish and that it is only the Kingdom of the Son of Man which will be everlasting, bringing peace to all nations. They probably did not understand completely the revelations made by Daniel about the Messianic kingdom to come in this world and at the end of time. But at least his message seemed to be a message of hope, and it helped them to forge in their souls a greater faithfulness to Jahweh.

THE PROPHET EZECHIEL SPEAKS ALSO OF THEIR SINS

God sent them also the prophet Ezechiel to encourage them in the midst of trial. Like all the prophets, Ezechiel recalled to them that their desolation was the punishment of their sins. But he forecast for them an even more glorious future. He regarded the Chosen People in their present condition as a race of dead people, only their dry bones remained. But, as he told them, God could raise up even their dry bones and make them a living people again.

THEY LEARNED THAT THEIR OWN PERSONAL SINS COULD CAUSE DISASTER

At this time, too, they learned from Ezechiel an even more important lesson. They had been accustomed to the idea that the sins of parents would bring suffering and disaster to their children. But this had led them to attribute their misfortunes to their ancestors rather than to themselves. But now they learned the significant lesson that their own personal sins could bring disaster to themselves. In this way they learned the important lesson of personal responsibility. This meant a great gain for the individual consciences of the people.

COLLECTIVE AND INDIVIDAUL RESPONSIBILITY OF CONDUCT

At the same time their sufferings also broadened the scope of their desires. They began to look forward not only to the restoration of the kingdom of Israel but also to the restoration of the whole people of Israel. They forgot the rivalry between the two kingdoms of Israel and Judah. In their mutual sufferings they lost their old antagonisms and began to dream again of a united people, one people, faithful to their God.

DREAMS OF A REUNITED NATION WORSHIPPING GOD IN A NEW TEMPLE

God Himself nourished them in their hopes. He inspired Ezechiel to draw up plans for the rebuilding of the Temple at Jerusalem. No doubt also, He recalled to them the prophecies of Isaias [Isaiah] about the end of their captivity in Babylon.

INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS

Meanwhile, on the larger scale of human history God was preparing the redemption of His Chosen People. The people of Babylon itself were becoming restive under the oppressive rule of the Chaldean monarchs. To the north and east of the empire a new and vigorous force was growing. Cyrus, a king of the Persian people, conquered the Medes and became a threat to the Babylonian empire.

A FLAME OF HOPE

A flame of hope must have surged up in the breast of the people as the name Cyrus began to be whispered and then shouted in the empire. At this time they will have recalled that Isaias [Isaiah] had spoken of a Cyrus who would come as God’s Messias to rescue His Chosen People. They will have remembered that Isaias had foretold the ruin and destruction of Babylon:

‘Babylon, glorious among the nations, the famous pride of the Chaldeans, shall be even as the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrha. It shall be no more inhabited forever… But the wild beasts shall rest there, and their houses shall be filled with serpents: and ostriches shall dwell there, and the hairy ones shall dance there; and owls shall answer one another there, in the houses thereof, and sirens in the temples of pleasure’ (Isaiah 13:19-22).

ISAIAH’S PROPHECY ABOUT CYRUS COMES TO PASS

Isaias had foretold not only the destruction of the empire of the Babylonians. He had even foretold that it would be accomplished by Cyrus: ‘ Thus saith the Lord to my anointed Cyrus, whose right hand I have taken hold of, to subdue nations before his face, and to turn the back of kings and to open the doors before him: and the gates shall not be shut. I will go before thee and will humble the great ones of the earth. I will break in pieces the gates of brass and will burst the bars of iron. And I will give thee hidden treasures and the concealed riches of secret places: that thou mayest know that I am the Lord who call thee by thy name, the God of Israel. For the sake of my servant Jacob and Israel my elect, I have even called thee by thy name’ (Isaiah 45:1-4).

Things came to pass as God had foretold. Cyrus invaded the empire during the reign of Nabonidus. His victory over the Chaldean dynasty was easy and swift. This was probably due to two factors: the empire was dissatisfied with the oppressive rule of the Chaldean kings, and Cyrus, an Aryan monarch of a new style of governing, was reputed to be a lenient monarch. He allowed the conquered people to keep their gods and their own customs; he restored exiled peoples to their own lands.

CYRUS LETS THEM BUILD THE TEMPLE AGAIN

The Chosen People remembered that Isaias had said that Cyrus would let them build their Temple again: ‘Thou (Cyrus) art my shepherd, and thou shalt perform all my pleasures; who say to Jerusalem: Thou shalt be built; and to the Temple: thy foundations shall be laid’ (Isaiah 44:28).

True to his policy of seeking to gain the favour of conquered peoples, Cyrus extended his mercy to the Chosen People. In the year 538 B.C. he published an edict:

‘Thus saith Cyrus king of the Persians: The Lord the God of heaven hath given to me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he hath charged me to build him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judea. Who is there among you of all his people? His God be with him. Let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judea, and build the house of the Lord the God of Israel: he is the God that is in Jerusalem’ (Esdras [Ezra] 1:2-3).”
– Martin J. Healy S.T.D., 1959

 

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TODAY’S BIBLE READING (DANIEL 9:4-10)

WE HAVE SINNED, WE HAVE DONE WRONG.

“O Lord, God great and to be feared, you keep the covenant and have kindness for those who love you and keep your commandments: we have sinned, we have done wrong, we have acted wickedly, we have betrayed your commandments and your ordinances and turned away from them. We have not listened to your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes, our ancestors, and to all the people of the land.

Integrity, Lord, is yours; ours the look of shame we wear today, we, the people of Judah, the citizens of Jerusalem, the whole of Israel, near and far away, in every country to which you have dispersed us because of the treason we have committed against you. To us, Lord, the look of shame belongs, to our kings, our princes, our ancestors, because we have sinned against you. To the Lord our God mercy and pardon belong, because we have betrayed him, and have not listened to the voice of the Lord our God nor followed the laws he has given us through his servants the prophets.”

V. The word of the Lord.
R. Thanks be to God.

 
 

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