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Tag Archives: Pope Pius XI

ST ANTHONY MARY CLARET, BISHOP AND CONFESSOR

ST ANTHONY MARY CLARET, BISHOP AND CONFESSOR

ST ANTHONY MARY CLARET, BISHOP AND CONFESSOR – MEMORIAL: OCTOBER 24

Anthony Mary Claret was born at Vich in Spain, of devout and honourable parents. He started life as a weaver, but afterwards became a priest. He was first engaged in parochial work, but later went to Rome to be sent on the foreign missions by the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith. By the will of God, however, he returned to Spain and as a Missionary Apostolic travelled through Catalonia and the Canary Islands.

HE FOUNDED THE CONGREGATION OF THE SONS OF THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY

Besides being a prolific writer of fine books, he also founded the Congregation of the Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Appointed Archbishop of the See of Santiago in Cuba, he proved, by his virtues, to be a zealous pastor. He restored the seminary, improved the education and discipline of the clergy, established social works and founded the Teaching Sisters of Mary Immaculate for the Christian education for girls.

THE TEACHING SISTERS OF MARY IMMACULATE 

Finally summoned to Madrid as the confessor and councillor in important ecclesiastical affairs for the Queen of Spain, he gave an excellent example of austere life adorned with every virtue. In the Vatican Council, he strongly defended the infallibility of the Roman Pontiff.

A STAUNCH PROMOTER OF DEVOTION TO THE BLESSED SACRAMENT 

He was a staunch promoter of devotion to the Blessed Sacrament and to the Immaculate Heart of Mary and her Rosary. At length, at Font Froide, in France, he died in exile in the year 1870 [on October 24]. Being renowned for miracles, Pope Pius XI added him to the list of the blessed and Pius XII to that of the saints.

PRAYER:

O God, who glorified blessed Anthony Mary, your Confessor and Bishop, because of his zeal for souls, and through him established in the Church new households of men and women religious, we beseech you to grant that, with his counsels as a guide, and through the merits of his prayers, we may continually apply ourselves to seeking the salvation of souls. Through our Lord…

– From: An Approved English Translation of the Breviarium Romanum, Burns & Oates, London, 1964 [bold headings added afterwards]

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ST JOHN LEONARD, CONFESSOR

ST JOHN LEONARD, CONFESSOR

ST JOHN LEONARD, CONFESSOR – MEMORIAL: OCTOBER 9

John Leonard was born not far from the city of Lucca, and from very early boyhood appeared mature and serious. At the age of twenty-six, God called him to enlist among the soldiers of the Church. At first he had to study elementary Latin with little boys, but in a short time he advanced to such an extent in the knowledge of literature, philosophy and theology that scarcely four years had passed when, under obedience, he was elevated to the priesthood.

THE CLERKS REGULAR OF THE MOTHER OF GOD

He founded the Clerks Regular of the Mother of God, whose care and zeal effected a great reform in the city-state of Lucca. Thereupon, he encountered most bitter insults from wicked men but, bearing all things cheerfully and with resignation, he obtained the confirmation of his congregation from Gregory XIII.

MISSIONARY PRIESTS

Greatly saddened that so many people in distant places were without the light of the Gospel, he took counsel with the most holy Bishop Vives and founded a society of priests who would take upon themselves the task of training qualified young men to be sent to distant lands for the propagation of the faith. Never relaxing in his sacred ministry, in sack-cloth and ashes, he passed to the Lord at Rome on the ninth day of October in the year 1609. Pius XI enrolled him among the saints.

PRAYER:

O God, who in a wondrous way graciously urged blessed John, your Confessor, to propagate your faith among the pagans, and through him brought together a new religious family in your Church for the education of the faithful, grant your servants so to profit by his teaching that we may reach everlasting rewards. Through our Lord…

– From: An Approved English Translation of the Breviarium Romanum, Burns & Oates, London, 1964

 

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ST THERESE OF LISIEUX, VIRGIN

ST THERESE OF LISIEUX, VIRGIN

ST THERESE OF THE CHILD JESUS, VIRGIN – MEMORIAL: OCTOBER 1

Therese of the Child Jesus was born in Alencon, France, of respectable and pious parents. Her mother died when Therese was five years old. At this time, Therese committed herself wholly to Divine Providence under the vigilant care of a most tender father and elder sisters. Under such teachers, she rejoiced as a giant in her race along the way of perfection.

ALONG THE WAY OF PERFECTION

At the age of nine, she was sent to the Benedictine nuns at Lisieux to be educated. In her tenth year, she was tormented for a long time by a serious and mysterious malady, and was divinely delivered from it through the assistance of Our Lady of Victory. Filled with angelic fervour when receiving her First Holy Communion, she seemed to develop an insatiable hunger for this celestial food.

SHE WAS ADMITTED TO THE ORDER OF DISCALCED CARMELITES

Desiring to enter the Order of the Discalced Carmelites but, not being the proper age, she met with many obstacles in embracing the religious life. She courageously overcame these difficulties and was happily admitted to the Carmel at Lisieux at the age of fifteen. There she burned with extraordinary love for God and her neighbour.

THE “LITTLE WAY”

Following the way of spiritual childhood according to the teaching of the Gospel, she taught it to others, especially to the novices. Consumed with the same love, two years before her death, she offered herself as a victim of love to the merciful God. She passed on to her Spouse on September 30, 1897, at the age of 24 years. Pope Pius XI added her name to the virgins declared blessed and, two years later, at the time of the great Jubilee, 1925, solemnly listed her among the saints. He also appointed and declared her the special patroness of all the missions.

PRAYER:

O Lord, who said: “Unless you become as little children, you shall not enter into the Kingdom of Heaven,” grant us, we beseech you, so to follow the footsteps of blessed Therese, the Virgin, in humility and simplicity of heart that we may obtain everlasting rewards. Who live…

– From: An Approved English Translation of the Breviarium Romanum, Burns & Oates, London, 1964 (bold headings added)

 

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THE ACT OF CONSECRATION OF THE HUMAN RACE TO THE SACRED HEART OF JESUS

THE ACT OF CONSECRATION OF THE HUMAN RACE TO THE SACRED HEART OF JESUS

 

(The Holy Father Pope Pius XI wanted the whole human race to be consecrated to Jesus, the universal King…If not being said in a Church, the word ‘altar’ should be replaced with ‘presence’.)

Most sweet Jesus, redeemer of the human race, look down upon us humbly prostrate before Your Altar. We are Yours, and Yours we wish to be; but to be more surely united to You, behold, each one of us this day freely dedicates himself to Your Most Sacred Heart. Many, indeed, have never known You, many, too, despising Your precepts have rejected You. Have mercy on them all, most merciful Jesus, and draw them to Your Sacred Heart.

Be King, O Lord, not only of the faithful who have never forsaken You, but also of the prodigal sons who have abandoned You, grant that they may quickly return to their Father’s house, before they perish of wretchedness and hunger. Be King of those whom heresy holds in error or discord keeps far away, call them back to the harbour of truth and the unity of faith, so that soon there may be but one fold and one Shepherd.
Be King of all those who even now sit in the shadow of idolatry or Islam, and do not refuse to bring them into the light of Your kingdom. Look, finally, with eyes of pity upon the children of that race, which was for so long a time Your chosen people, and let Your blood, which was once invoked upon them in vengeance, now descend upon them also in a cleansing flood of redemption and eternal life.

Grant, O Lord, to Your Church assurance of freedom and immunity from harm, unto all nations give an ordered tranquillity; bring it to pass that from pole to pole the earth may resound with one cry: Praise to the divine Heart that wrought our salvation; to it be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

 
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Posted by on November 20, 2016 in Devotions

 

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CHRIST THE KING: HIS KINGDOM IS NOT OF THIS WORLD

CHRIST THE KING: HIS KINGDOM IS NOT OF THIS WORLD

For Part II, “Christ the King Possesses Dominion Over All Creatures”, please click here.

…But, nevertheless, a kingdom of this nature, in a certain special manner, is both a spiritual one, and also pertains to spiritual things, as these words, which we have quoted above from the Bible, most distinctly indicate, and moreover as Christ the Lord confirms them by reason of his own actions. Inasmuch as, on more than one occasion, when the Jews, indeed, when even the apostles themselves, erroneously imagined that it was imminent that the Messiah would set the people at liberty and would restore the Kingdom of Israel, he himself both dispelled and destroyed the fond hope.

Disclaiming the title of King from an encompassing multitude of admirers, he refused both the name and the honour by fleeing from them and by lying hid. In the presence of the Roman governor, he declared that his kingdom was “not of this world.”

It is such a kingdom, indeed, as is represented in the Gospels, into which men prepare to enter by doing penance, but they cannot enter except by faith and by baptism, which, although it is an external rite, nevertheless denotes and produces an interior regeneration. It is opposed in a very special manner to the kingdom of Satan and to the powers of darkness. It demands from its followers not only that, with their souls detached from riches and from worldly affairs, they display mildness of character, and hunger and thirst after justice, but that they deny themselves, and take up their cross.

But since Christ as Redeemer has both purchased the Church with his own blood, and as Priest offered his very self as a sacrifice for sin, and so offers himself in perpetuity, is it not evident to all that his kingly office assumes and participates in the nature of both one and the other office? On the other hand, one errs in a most unseemly manner if one takes away from Christ as man all authority over any kind of civil affairs whatever, since he obtains from the Father such a highly absolute jurisdiction over created things, that all things are placed under his power. Therefore, by our Apostolic authority, we appoint the feast of our Lord Jesus Christ the King, annually…to be observed everywhere in the world. Likewise we enjoin, that the dedication of the human race to the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus be annually renewed upon that self-some day.

– From the Encyclical Letter of Pope Pius XI, Quas Primas, December 11, 1925, from: An Approved Translation of the Breviarium Romanum, Burns & Oates, London, 1964.

 
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Posted by on November 20, 2016 in Words of Wisdom

 

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CHRIST THE KING: HE POSSESSES DOMINION OVER ALL CREATURES

CHRIST THE KING: HE POSSESSES DOMINION OVER ALL CREATURES

For Part I on Our Lord Jesus Christ the King please click here. Thank you.

… And the source from which this power and dignity of our Lord is established, Cyril of Alexandria fittingly indicates: “He possesses dominion, if I may use the word, over all creatures, a dominion not seized by violence, nor usurped from anyone, but his by essence and nature.” It is evident that his dominion is gloriously manifested in that marvellous union, which is called hypostatic. From this it follows, not only that Christ is to be adored as God by angels and by men, but that angels and men are obedient and subject to his dominion as man. Indeed, that even by the doctrine of the hypostatic union alone, Christ possesses power over all created things.

And now, that we may explain in a few words the import and the nature of his headship, it is hardly necessary to say that it consists in a threefold power. If this power were lacking, the headship could scarcely be discerned. The testimonies deduced and announced in the sacred Scriptures concerning the universal dominion of our Redeemer make that very thing more than clear enough. And it is an article of the Catholic faith, that Christ Jesus was given to mankind especially as a Redeemer for those who put their faith in him, but at the same time as a lawgiver for those who obey him.

And not only do the Gospels relate that he established laws, but they exhibit him in the act of establishing laws. Truly, whosoever shall keep these commandments, are said by the divine Master, in other passages and in other words, to demonstrate their love for him, and to intend to remain in his love. Jesus himself announces the judiciary power assigned to him by the Father, when accused by the Jews of having broken the Sabbath day of rest by the miraculous cure of a sick man: “For neither does the Father judge any man, but has given all judgment to the Son.” And therein is included (because the case is inseparable from the judgment) that by his law he may confer rewards and punishments upon men still living. But, moreover, that power, which is called executive power, is to be attributed to Christ, seeing that it is necessary that all men obey his rule. Indeed, it is made clear to the refractory by the imposition of penalties, which no man can escape.

– From the Encyclical Letter of Pope Pius XI, Quas Primas, December 11, 1925, from: An Approved Translation of the Breviarium Romanum, Burns & Oates, London, 1964

 

 

 
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Posted by on November 19, 2016 in Words of Wisdom

 

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CHRIST THE KING: HIS CHARITY SURPASSES ALL UNDERSTANDING

CHRIST THE KING: HIS CHARITY SURPASSES ALL UNDERSTANDING

Thy kingdom come, thy will be done

… It has long been a common custom to give Christ the metaphorical title of King, because of the right degree of perfection whereby he excels and surpasses all created beings. For as it is the case, that he is said to reign in the souls of men, not so much by reason of the keenness of his intellect and the extent of his knowledge, as that he himself is the Truth; so it is from him that truth must be drawn, and obediently received by all mankind. He reigns, likewise, in the wills of men, since not only does the integrity and the obedience of the human will accord exactly and precisely with the holiness of the divine will in him, but also by his grace and inspiration, he substitutes this for our free will, whereby we may be enkindled to every noblest deed. In a word, Christ is acknowledged as the King of hearts, on account of his charity which surpasses understanding, and of his mercy and kindness, which draw to him the souls of men. Never has it happened that anyone has been loved as much at any time as Christ Jesus is loved by so many different races, never will it happen in time to come that anyone shall be so loved. But, if we ponder this matter more deeply, we cannot but see, that the title and the power of a King is rightly claimed for Christ as a man, in the strict and proper sense of the word. For, only so far as he is man, can he be said to have received the power and the glory and the kingdom from the Father, seeing that the Word of God, which is of the same substance as the Father, cannot fail to have all things in common with the Father, and therefore has in itself the highest and most absolute dominion over all things created.

– From the Encyclical Letter of Pope Pius XI, Quas Primas, December 11, 1925, from: An Approved Translation of the Breviarium Romanum, Burns & Oates, London, 1964

 
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Posted by on November 18, 2016 in Words of Wisdom

 

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